Sunday, January 25, 2015

Wavescan NWS309

* Musical Theme - 00:00
            “Birthday Serenade - Willi Glahe

* Opening Announcement - 00:18
            Welcome to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis, produced in studios of shortwave WRMI
            Program outline
                        1. Radio Broadcasting in the Land of the Three Rivers: Diamond Jubilee Celebrations
                        2. Australian DX Report
                        3. SQOTW25 Special QSL of the Week: Nostalgic Memories First Radio Broadcast

* Radio Broadcasting in the Land of the Three Rivers - 01:02
     Diamond Jubilee Celebrations
            Throughout the Indian sub-continent, there are several major river systems, running from the higher land areas, down through the populated plains and into the nearby adjacent ocean.  On the western side of the sub-continent, a system of five rivers runs from the edge of the high Himalayas down into the verdant Punjab lands where they combine into the great Indus River and onwards into the Arabian Sea at Karachi. 
            On the eastern side of the sub-continent, a system of three rivers runs from the high Himalayas down into the verdant lands and onwards where they combine into the massive delta areas at The Mouths of the Ganga and onward into the Bay of Bengal.  These eastern rivers are known by several different names in various local and international languages, though the better known names would be:
            * Ganges & Padma originating in Uttarakhand
            * Brahmaputra-Jamuna originating in the Angsi Glacier in Tibet
            * Meghna originating in the hilly areas of East India
            The confluence of these three rivers in the Mouths of the Ganges forms the largest delta area on planet Earth, with a myriad of small and larger islands stretching 1500 miles across from Kolkata to Chittagong.  During the past nearly half century, new islands and extensions to adjacent landscapes with a total area of more than 40 square miles have been formed by silt flowing down from the high mountain ranges.
            Ancient history informs us that the earliest settlers came into the territory now known as Bangladesh some 4,000 years ago; these were the early Dravidians and proto-Burmese peoples.  The ancient Greeks and Romans were familiar with the people, whom they called Gangaridai, that is the people of the land of the Ganges.
            Islam came to Bangladesh while part of India in the 1100s AD; and when European explorers entered the territories for trade some 400 years later, it is suggested that the Bengal territory was the  wealthiest part of the Indian sub-continent.  In that era, the Portuguese, French and Dutch showed an interest in the area, and the English gained control in 1757.
            Bangladesh has known its share of mega-disasters, and in 1943, it is reported that three million people died in what is called the Great Bengal Famine.  Then in 1970, some authorities estimate that one million people died overnight during a horrendous cyclone in the Bay of Bengal.  If that figure is correct, it would have to be the worst flooding upon planet Earth since the time of the Flood in the days of Noah.  Then in 1988 disastrous flooding in the delta areas resulted in 30 million refugees.
            Bangladesh, East Bengal, was separated from India and became the Eastern Wing of Pakistan at the time of Partition, midnight between August 14 & 15, 1947.  And then again, Bangladesh declared independence, and then ultimately achieved its independence from Pakistan on December 16, 1971.
            These days, Bangladesh is just a small country territorially, stretching less than 500 miles from north to south and less than 300 miles wide, yet the population density is one of the most concentrated upon planet Earth with more than 150 million people.  The land areas of the country are almost entirely surrounded by India with a short border with Burma; and their capital city is Dacca-Dhaka, with 12 million inhabitants.
            The border between Bangladesh and India contains the strangest anomaly of enclaves and exclaves in any part of the world.  It is estimated that there are 300 of these little territories that are separated from the nearby mother territory, covering a combined total of 50,000 acres and containing 150,000 people.  In some places, the enclave is separated from the mother territory by less than a mile, and it contains a separate territory within its own borders.  

* Program Announcement - 05:19
            Allen Graham

* Bangladesh Feature Resumed - 06:11
            The first prominent wireless experimenter in old British India was a Bengali scientist, Dr. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose.  He was born in Munshiganj near Dhaka (East Bengal) in 1858, though he performed his wireless experiments in neighboring Calcutta in West Bengal (India).
            It was towards the end of the year 1894 that Bose began his experimentation with wireless; and in November 1895, he gave a public demonstration in the Calcutta Town Hall with Bengals Lieutenant Governor Sir William Mackenzie in attendance.  In this public demonstration, Bose transmitted wireless signals at a wavelength of just ½ inch over a distance of 75 ft through several solid walls.  He also used a wireless signal to ring a bell at a distance, and to fire a gun remotely.
            On two separate occasions, Bose gave public lectures in London England in which he presented details of his wireless experiments in Calcutta India.  His 1897 lecture was before the Royal Institution, and two years later his lecture was before the Royal Society.  In his 1899 presentation, Bose gave details of the coherer receiver that he had developed, and it is understood that the young Italian experimenter Marconi incorporated the Bose coherer in his own subsequent public demonstrations in England.
            There is no known historic record in the earlier days of any wireless or radio experimentation in the territory that became Bangladesh, neither were there any early wireless communication stations in this area.  Perhaps there were a few expatriate and local amateur radio station operators on the air in places like Dacca and Chittagong before World War 2, but no known records have been discovered.
            There was just one lone radio broadcasting station on the air in the Bangladesh territory while it was part of India under the British Raj.  In those days, All India Radio was beginning to establish its nationwide empire of mediumwave and shortwave radio stations throughout India, and one such facility was installed in Dacca. 
            This new station that was installed in Old Dacca in 1939 was inaugurated with due ceremony on December 16 with 5 kW on 1167 kHz under the callsign VUY.  The studio for AIR VUY were installed in a rented house at 62 Nazimuddin, Road Dacca 11, though this was soon afterwards transferred to Shahbag, which lies in the capital city area between Old Dacca & New Dacca.  The transmitter was installed in nearby suburban Kallayanpur.  The original location on Mazimuddin Road is now the locale for the Sheikh Burhanuddin College.
            At the time of Partition in 1947, the lone radio broadcasting station VUY with its 5 kW on 1167 kHz was the only station in all of East Pakistan.
            DX Reporter Salahuddin Dolar of Rajshahi alerted us to the fact that Bangladesh Betar celebrated its important 75th Diamond Jubilee anniversary with four days of congratulatory events beginning a few weeks ago on December 15.

* Australian DX Report - 10:21
            Bob Padula

* SQOTW25 Special QSL of the Week: Nostalgic Memories First Radio Broadcast - 23:10
            Mr Muneer K. P. in Sharjar United Arab Emirates tells us that he received a QSL card from Deutsche Welle early last year, verifying his reception of their relay broadcast from the nearby Dhabaya transmitter station in Abu Dhabi.  This relay transmission on 15640 kHz is important to him, because the first shortwave broadcast he ever heard was from Deutsche Welle in 1982 while he was visiting in the home of a friend.  At the time, he was living in his home state, Kerala, in South India, and he wrote to Deutsche Well at their office in New Delhi, requesting a schedule.  Listening to the broadcast from Germany, and receiving a copy of the magazine Tune In sparked an interest in the monitoring of the international shortwave bands.

* Music of the World - 24:01
            UAE: Traditional folk music, local instrumental and group vocal

* Closing Announcement - 24:15
            Thanks for listening to Wavescan, international DX program from Adventist World Radio
            Researched and written in Indianapolis
            Next week:-
                        1. NASB Anniversary            
                        2. Publication review
                        3. Japan DX Report
                        4. Special QSL of the Week SQOTW26:
                                    Low power tropical band station in Canada heard in  Australia
            Several QSL cards available.  Send your AWR & KSDA reception reports for Wavescan to the                            AWR address in Indianapolis; and also to the station your radio is tuned to: WRMI or                                 WWCR or KVOH, or to the AWR relay stations that carry Wavescan.  Remember too,                             you can send a reception report to each of the DX reporters when their segment is on                          the air here in Wavescan: Japan, Bangladesh, Philippines, Australia & India.  They will                             verify with their own colorful QSL card.  Return postage and an address label are always                       appreciated.
            Wavescan address:-
                        Box 29235
                        Indiana 46229 USA
            Wavescan @
            Jeff White, shortwave WRMI

* Music Outrun - 26:04

* Program Ends - 28:55

1. The Story of Wireless & Radio in India

Progressive Topics in Alphabetic Order

No.  Cluster                    Topic                                                                        Year to Year    NWS
  1.  Early                  Early Wireless Experiments                                          1849 - 1895     254
  2.  AWR                 Early Adventist Broadcasts                                                 1925 - 1937       76
  3.                            Voice of Prophecy on the Air Goa, AWR Pre-History  1950 - 1954     159
  4.  Anniversaries    70th AIR Anniversary External Services                                   1939 - 2009       34
  5.                            75th AIR Anniversary: 1st SW Network                              1936 - 1939     234
  6.  Locations           Allahabad                                                                       1913 - 2010       86
  7.                            Calcutta - 1: Early Wireless Stations                              1902 - 2014     264
  8.                            Calcutta - 2: Early Experimental Radio Stations           1923 - 1940     266
  9.                            Calcutta - 3: During the Past ½ Century & More          1939 - 2014    273
10.                            Calcutta - 4: WGY SW, AFRS, VOA                            1928 - 1946     281
11.                            Calcutta - 5: QSLs                                                         1935 - 2000     298
12.                            Dacca: Land of the Three Rivers VUY                         1939 - 1947     309
13.                            Daman & Diu                                                                 1960 - 2012     159
14.                            Delhi Radio SEAC                                                         1942 - 1944     168
15.                            Delhi Chronohertz ATA India                                         1959 - 2004       49
16.                            Delhi: Visit to AIR HQ                                                               2010     285       
17.                            Goa - 1: Portuguese Years                                            1938 - 1961     158
18.                            Goa - 2: Indian Years                                                     1961 - 2012     159
19.                            Hyderabad - 1: The Early Years                                    1919 - 1950      77
20.                            Hyderabad - 2: Years of Development                         1939 - 2009       78  86
21.                            Khampur: Visit to SW Station                                        1959 - 2010     288
22.                            Lucknow            AIR                                                                  1913 - 2010       86
23.                            Lucknow 75th Elephant Radio                                        1938 - 2013     215
24.                            Mysore Akashwani VU7MC                                          1935 - 2010       94

2. The Story of Radio Broadcasting in Pakistan

Progressive Summary
No       Topic                                       Callsigns                                                          Year to Year    NWS
  1.       Early Wireless Stations           VWK-VVK VWP-VVP VWQ-VVQ VWL-VVL            1913 - 1933       17
  2.       On the Air in Karachi              APK APK@ APK3 APK4 APK5, Club                       1913 - 2010       80 86
  3.       On the Air in Lahore                WLR VWL VVL YMCA VUL APL APL2         1913 - 2011     128
  4.       On the Air in Peshawar           VWP VVP VUP APP                                      1919 - 2014     266
  5.       Original MW Stations              YMCA VUL APL VUP                                                1928 - 1947       56
  6.       On the Air in Rawalpindi         VVX AKR APR APR2 APR3                          1933 - 2010       98
  7.       Freedom at Midnight               NWFP             ACK VUL APL VUP APP AKR APR3           1946 - 1949     257
  8.       Early Shortwave Stations       APK2 APR3 APL2 APP2 Murree                   1947 - 1960       73
  9.       Clandestine Trarkhel               AKR APR3                                                      1948 - 1949     257
10.       Land of 3 Rivers                     VUY                                                                1939 - 1947     309
            Projected SW Stations
            American Radio Stations
3. Radio Broadcasting in the Land of the Three Rivers:
                                      Diamond Jubilee Celebrations

Progressive Topics
 No.     Topic                                                               Call           Years                      NWS
1.         Land of 3 Rivers: The Early Years                 VUY    1939 - 1947                 309
2.         American Radio Stations


4. Radio Broadcasting in the Land of the Three Rivers:
                                      Diamond Jubilee Celebrations

The Early Radio Story
  Year  Information                                                                                                                 Reference -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Bangladesh Backgrounds: Geography
                        Bordered by India, Burma
                        East Pakistan & West Pakistan, separated by 1400 kM
                        Worlds largest delta, 3 rivers
                                    Ganges-Padma, Brahmaputra-Jumna, Meghna
                        Almost completely surrounded by India, Burma on bottom SE area
                        464 miles by 288 miles
                        Royal Bengal Tiger
                        98% Bengali
                        160 million population
                        Jute production, textiles
                        4096 kM border India & Bangladesh 2,500 miles
                                    150,000 people in 300 enclaves & exclaves, 50,000 acres

Bangladesh Backgrounds: History
  2000 BC        Area settled by Dravidian & and early Burmese peoples
                        Known to Greeks & Romans as Gangaridai, the land of the Ganges River
                        Ruled from India
  1100s AD      Islam introduced into Bengal
  1500s            Bengal was wealthiest area of Indian sub-continent 
  1517              Portuguese traders began visiting Bengal, French, Dutch & English also
  1757              British gained control of Bengal
  1900s Early   Attempts to split Bengal into 2 provinces, East & West
  1943              Great Bengal Famine 3 million died
  1947 Aug 14/15 Freedom at Midnight, Partition of British India
                                    Moslem area named at first East Bengal, then East Pakistan
  1970              Massive overnight cyclone, 1 million died
  1970s            New silt lands formed, 27,000 acres 42 square miles
  1971 Mar 26  Declaration of independence from Pakistan
  1971 Dec 16 Liberation of Bangladesh
  1998 Sep       Flooding, monsoon rains & Himalaya melt, 30 million refugees
Wireless Experimentation: Jagadish Chandra Bose
  1858              Jagadish Chandra Bose born Munshiganj (Dacca - Dhaka)
  1894              Experimentation at Calcutta
  1897              Lectures & demonstrations in London

All India Radio Dacca
  1939 Dec 16 VUY 5 kW 1167 kHz                                                                                          News Items
                                    Regional relay station producing some of own programming
                                    Inaugurated as Dhawani Bistar Kendra Dacca
                                    Radio Broadcasting Station Dhaka
                                    Located in old Dacca
                                    Studios rented house 62 Nazimuddin Road, Dhaka 11
                                    Now Sheikh Burhanuddin College
                                    Relocated to suburban Shahbag, between Old Dacca & New Dhaka
                                    Transmitter at Kallayanpur 5 kW
                                    Transmitter now in museum Dhaka, Bangladesh Betar
                                    Some from VUC came to VUY as guest artists
  1941              VUY 1167 kHz 5 kW Dacca India                                                             NZRCOTW 1941
  1946              VUY 1167 kHz 5 kW Dacca India                                                             NZRCOTW 1946
  1947              Mediumwave stations in India not shown                                                          WRHB 1947
  1948              Mediumwave stations in Pakistan not shown                                                    WRHB 1948
  1948              Mediumwave stations in Pakistan not shown                                                    WRHB 1948
  2014 Dec 15 Commencement of 4 day celebrations, 75th anniversary Bangladesh Betar
                                    Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, diamond jubilee
                                    Called for continued modernization of station, her gov would support


5. SQOTW29: Special QSL of the Week

Progressive Topics

No  Call       Location                  Land            IRM      kHz   (k)W Year    Date     Significance                           QSL  NWS ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
001 7LA      Launceston Tasmania     AMP    1100      .1  1961 Nov 6       Emergency transmitter               C    282
002 RA       Kabul           Afghanistan AMP     96.1    .01 1971 Jul 4         Experimental FM                      C    284
003 VOA    Poro            Philippines   AMP  15000    LP   1984 Feb 19      Malfunctioning exciter                 L    286
004 TTY     Perth           Australia      AMP    1130    .2    1966 Jun 24      6NM transmitter to 6ED        DIYC    287
005 ICPA    Kabul          Afghanistan AMP   102.8    ½                1972 Aug 27      Hotel Intercontinental            DIYC    289
006 KSFO  Frisco                      California     AMP      560    5     1989 Oct 18      Temporary after earthquake        C   290
007 RM       Havana       Cuba           AMP    9600 100     1982 Feb 3        Relay Radio Tashkent                C    291            008 NILB    Central   Pacific         PH    10800   LP     1968 Dec 23      Apollo Recovery, 1,000 SW         L    292
009 AWR    Ekala         Sri Lanka     CG    11800 100      1981 Feb 21      Test broadcasts Africa & ME       C    293                
010 PJC     Willemstad              Curacao      PH       8694    1      1969 Jan 9        Morse loop                                C    294
011 AFRTS Adana         Turkey         AMP    1590  .01    1980 Mar 24      Plane, WL in ft                       DIYC   295   
012 AWR    Sines          Portugal      TD       9670  250    1977 Aug 26      Self-designed AWR card            C   296
013 VoM     Honhor       Mongolia     CL     12085  250    2012 Sep 14      Lived in Ulaan Baatar              L&C   297           
014 CRI      Beijing         China           UQ    21660            2005 Sep 19      Firedrake jammer                       C   298
015 RM                         Russia         AMP  11875           1984 May 2       Russian jammer, BBC ARS?      C   299
016 NBC    Pt Moresby  New Guinea VL       4890   35      2006 Mar 18      Reduced power                          C   300
017 RM       Murmansk               Russia         JB       5930     5    1979 Jan 13      Long wait                       DIYC & L   301 018 RM      Pzavodsk          Russia         JB       5065     5    1979 Jan 21      Long wait                                    DIYC & L   302           
019 VLU2  Christmas Is Indian O.      AMP  1420     .5     1977 Aug 23      Tried many locations       DIYC & L   303            020 XMX   Christmas Is Indian O.      AMP    341     .1           1977 Aug 28      Airplane reception                  DIYC   304           021 AIR            Pt Blair        Andamans   JJ      1440      1     1992 Nov 12      Emergency transmission              L   305            022 ABC    Shepparton        Australia      TA     6080 100      2011 Feb 4        Emergency transmission            C   306 023 ORTB                        Benin            CO      SW                        1985 Sep 20      Hard to hear, difficult to QSL     C   307 024
025 AIR        Bangalore  India            MKP   9690  500     2014 Feb 28      Memory of 1st radio broadcast   C   309 026 CHU     Ottawa  Canada        BW                 3330     3     2010 Sep 16      Low power TSW                      C&L   310
027 SW       11 Sites      Asia              TA              2 SW              2014 Jun 5        IRDR Trial Broadcasts                 C  311
029 NBC    Pt Moresby  New Guinea JJ     3925     10      1976 Oct 25      1st report from India                      C  313 030                              

6. SQOTW29: Special QSL of the Week

Alphabetic Listing

            Title                              Call       City                  Country             IRM      City              Country         NWS            ——————————————————————————————————————————————————
Airplane Monitoring                   AFRS   Adana               Turkey              AMP     Airplane        Turkey            295
                                                XMX     Christmas Is      Indian Ocean     AMP     Airplane        Indian Ocean  304 
Apollo Recovery                       NILB     USS Arlington   Pacific              PH        Woodland H USA-CA          292
Demonstration Transmitter         TTY      Perth                W Australia       AMP     Perth            Australia         287
Difficult to hear                         ORTB                           Benin                CO       Norrkoping   Sweden           307 Earthquake Emergency                   KSFO   San Francisco   USA                 AMP     Eugene         USA-OR         290
Emergency Transmitter              7LA      Launceston       Tasmania          AMP     Launceston  Tasmania         282
                                                AIR       Port Blair          Andaman Is       JJ         Hyderabad   India                305
                                                ABC     Shepparton       Australia           TA        Depok          Indonesia        306 Experimental FM                       RA        Kabul                Afghanistan      AMP     Kabul            Afghanistan     284
Firedrake Jammer                      CRI       Beijing              China                UQ-S    Norrkoping   Sweden           298
First Report: India                      NBC     Port Moresby    New Guinea       JJ                             India               313 Listener Designed QSL Card      AWR     Sines                Portugal            TD        Rosrath         Germany         296
Long Wait                                 RM       Murmansk         Russia              JB        Lexington      USA-MA         301
                                                RM       Petrozavodsk    Russia              JB        Lexington      USA-MA         302
Low Power                                CHU     Ottawa              Canada             BW       Karoonda     S Australia       310           
Malfunctioning Exciter               VOA     Poro                 Philippines        AMP     Lahore          Pakistan         286
Many Locations                         VLU2    Christmas Is      Indian Ocean     AMP     Carnarvon    Australia          303
Memories: Letter from Home      VOM     Honhor             Mongolia          CL        Bloomington USA-IN           297
                 1st Radio Broadcast  AIR       Bangalore         India                 MKP     Kerala           India               309
Morse Code Loop                     PJC      Willemstad        Curacao            PH        Woodland H USA-CA          294
Reduced Power                         NBC     Pt Moresby       New Guinea      VL         Naples          USA-FL           300            Russian Jammer                        RM                               Russia              AMP     Poona          India               299
Tashkent Relay                          RM       Havana             Cuba                AMP     Berrien  S      USA-MI           291 Test Broadcast                                 AWR     Ekala                Sri Lanka          CG       Nice              France            293
                                                IRDR    11 sites             Asia                  TA        Depok          Indonesia        311
Translation Transmitter               ICPA     Kabul                Afghanistan      AMP     Kabul            Afghanistan     289