Thursday, January 30, 2014

World Radio Day 2014

13 February is World Radio Day — a day to celebrate radio as a medium; to improve international cooperation between broadcasters; and to encourage major networks and community radio alike to promote access to information, freedom of expression and gender equality over the airwaves.

As radio continues to evolve in the digital age, it remains the medium that reaches the widest audience worldwide. It is essential to furthering UNESCO’s commitment to promote gender equality and women’s empowerment.
Through World Radio Day celebrations around the world, UNESCO will promote gender equality by:
We invite all countries to celebrate World Radio Day by planning activities in partnership with regional, national and international broadcasters, non-governmental organizations, the media and the public.
On 13 February, let’s celebrate women in radio and those who support them!
- See more at:

15 Ways to Celebrate World Radio Day

  1. Help broadcast audio, video and written messages from UNESCO’s Director-General on World Radio Day in all public, private and community radio. (Forthcoming)
  2. Broadcast messages from World Radio Day supporters including UNESCO Artists for Peace, industry experts and celebrity advocates for Radio. (2014 messages forthcoming | Past messages)
  3. Produce a radio programme or public service announcement on one of UNESCO’s sub-themes for World Radio Day 2014 to be broadcast repeatedly on 13 February 2014.

  4. Organize and broadcast World Radio Day themed debates and discussions with media stakeholders (broadcasters, policy-makers, academics, legal community) on the issue of gender equality in radio.
  5. Organize phone-in radio shows so listeners can discuss the importance of radio, share memories of great moments in radio history, and give their views on gender equality.
  6. Interview local, regional and national radio personalities on World Radio Day.
  7. Share recordings of your radio show and other World Radio Day themed broadcasts onUNESCO’s World Radio Day SoundCloud page.
  8. Add a link to your favourite radio programme on gender equality and empowerment of women to our worldwide map. [link forthcoming]
  9. Hold training sessions for young broadcasters using UNESCO’s Youth Radio Toolkit
  10. Display and distribute training courseware on Radio Production from UNESCO’s Open Training Platform.
  11. Display and distribute free UNESCO products about broadcasting 

  12. Join the National Commission for UNESCO in your country to facilitate celebrating national events.
  13. Place our World Radio Day Banner on your social media channel or website and encourage newspapers, radio, television and website editors to place a banner on their sites during World Radio Day on 13 February.
  14. Celebrate World Radio Day with the World Association of Community Broadcasters(AMARC), or local community radio associations.
  15. Record a World Radio Day message and share it with the world. [link forthcoming]

  • Source:

    1. Sunday, January 26, 2014

      DRM BES 2014

      DRM Digital Radio Mondiale – In Focus at BES 2014, New Delhi

      The DRM Consortium, its members and partners have a strong presence at the 20th international BES (Broadcasting Engineering Society of India) conference and exhibition on terrestrial and satellite broadcasting, held in New Delhi, India, between 14 -16th January 2014. Three conference presentations, one workshop and the participation of several key members exhibiting (Ampegon, Digidia, Fraunhofer IIS, Harris, Nautel, NXP, and RFmondial) are attracting considerable interest from the industry.

      In India, following a decision of the Government in 2010 to digitize all broadcast transmissions by 2017, All India Radio (AIR) has begun the roll-out of the DRM Digital Radio standard. The impact of this major technical and financial commitment is currently taking shape. DRM transmissions will offer the majority of the population improved audio quality, multi-lingual text news, improved service reliability, diversified content and many additional features. Digital Radio Mondiale is the only all-band, global digital radio standard designed to enhance the listener experience equally in both the AM and FM / VHF broadcast bands, giving FM quality services to all Indian listeners nationwide.

      DRM allows the broadcast of up to three programmes simultaneously, on one frequency (potentially offering more diversified content or in different languages) alongside text news. DRM transmissions use less energy, thus saving substantial cost and resources. DRM can ensure extended coverage both locally and over wide areas by revitalizing the existing broadcast bands and infrastructure. DRM integrates radio into the modern digital ecosystems that are currently developing and will supersede any other analogue technology developed seventy years ago.

      In their presentations, DRM Consortium members are stressing the extra features of DRM (such as the Emergency Warning Feature in case of national disasters). They are also explaining the latest updates to the standard as well as the new developments in receiver chipsets which increases the potential for locally produced and cost-effective receiver solutions. As DRM digital radio starts to become a reality in India, the support and communication by the Government and Prasar Bharati is crucial in building the necessary confidence of receiver manufacturers, retailers and listeners.

      To stimulate the interest of Indian stakeholders, the Chamber of Indian Industry (CII) is organising a one day National Seminar on:  “DRM: The Future of Indian Radio - Business Opportunities for Stakeholders” on the 28 February 2014 at Hotel Le Meridien, Sovereign I, New Delhi.
      (DRM Consortium Press Release)
      Alokesh Gupta
      New Delhi

      Thinley Dorji and BBS

      Shocking news, just came to know Thinley Dorji, Senior Engineer with Bhutan Broadcasting Service is no longer with us....may his soul rest in peace.

      IDXCI (Indian DX Club International) remembers him with this post dedicated to his loving memory...

      Alokesh Gupta

      Tuesday, January 21, 2014

      AIR External Services latest changes

      Latest Changes to AIR External Services

      11740  1315-1415 Dari, 1415-1530 Pushtu  now via Bengaluru 500 kW (ex Panaji 250 kW)
      Add 11620  1615-1715 Russian via Bengaluru

      Add DRM via Bengaluru:

      1000-1100 17895 English Australia/NZ
      1145-1315 15795 Chinese
      2045-2230 11620 English Australia/NZ
      2245-0045  13605 English NE Asia

      Updated full schedule is in:

      Jose Jacob, VU2JOS
      National Institute of Amateur Radio 
      Hyderabad, India
      Mobile: +91 94416 96043

      Sunday, January 19, 2014

      NEW AIR DRM Transmission

      New DRM transmissions is monitored from AIR Bengaluru today (19 Jan 2014) as follows:

      1000-1100 UTC 17895 English to Australia & NZ
      1145-1315 UTC 15795 Chinese

      Look out for more DRM broadcasts from this station at other timings in External Services of AIR.

      Reports to: with copy to
      VIA Jose Jacob, VU2JOS

      Sunday, January 12, 2014

      All India Radio displays equipment at Northeast Book Fair in Guwahati

      The 15th edition of the Northeast Book Fair was recently held at the Chandmari field in Guwahati.
      During the fair, the Guwahati Centre of All  Radio put up a stall where they displayed old equipments like Microphone, Amplifier, recorders, Players, Valves and transmitters.
      Several artists also took part in the fair and displayed their paintings.
      The Bishnu Pria Manipuri community set up a stall called "Sristikon" to promote their tradition and culture through painting and literature.

      All India Radio to launch 'India 360' to connect listeners with world

      Bringing the world to radio listeners in a unique format, All India Radio (AIR) will launch 'India 360' initiative this Republic Day, highlighting India's bilateral ties with countries by presenting interesting facts and anecdotes.
      "We will cover all countries with whom we have diplomatic ties. This initiative will be a unique effort to connect the radio listeners with the world," AIR Director General (News) Archana Datta said.
      The programme will be of 8-10 minutes duration and will be broadcast in English once a week in coordination with the External Affairs Ministry's external publicity division. It will be aired on FM Gold which is popular among the listeners, she said.
      The aim is to highlight India's bilateral relations with the countries in an interesting radio format, bringing to the listeners the different aspects of a country after detailed research and airing the bytes of the Indian ambassador of each country, she said.
      The ambassador in each country would speak about important aspects of bilateral relations like trade ties, people-to-people contact, and the Indian diaspora.
      Japan will be the first country to be broadcast under this initiative coinciding with the visit of Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe as the chief guest of Republic Day function.
      Plans are afoot to record his byte and air it as part of the programme, she said. Making the programme interactive in nature, there would be quiz question at the end with prizes for the first three winners.
      Social networking sites like Facebook and twitter would be utilised to popularise the programme. "We have 3.5 lakh likes on Facebook and we will use it to help the listeners connect with the world around them," she said.

      Wavescan NWS255

      * Theme - 00:00
                  "Birthday Serenade" - Willi Glahe
                  Announcer: Michael Mendez
      * Opening Announcement - 00:14
                  Welcome to "Wavescan", international DX program from Adventist World Radio
                  Researched and written in Indianapolis, produced in studios of shortwave WRMI
                  Program outline
                  Last week, at end of program, mentioned special topic, new radio publications next program
                              Two of these have not yet arrived
                              Will present in Wavescan when they arrive
                  Program outline today
                              1. 72nd Anniversary: International Encounter on the High Seas - 3
                                          HSK "Kormoran" & HMAS "Sydney": The Radio Scene
                              2. Ancient DX Report 1906
                              3. International DX Report
                              4. Philippine DX Report
      * 72nd Anniversary: International Encounter on the High Seas- 3: The Radio Scene - 01:21
                  In two previous editions of Wavescan, we have presented the story of the chance encounter on the high seas in the Indian Ocean off the coast of Western Australia between the German raider HSK "Kormoran" and the Australian light cruiser HMAS "Sydney". This fire fight took place on Wednesday afternoon, November 19, 1941, just 72 years ago.  As a result of a fierce battle lasting just one hour, both ships sank with a total loss of life for the "Sydney", and a little less than one hundred casualties for the "Kormoran".
                  Over the years, because of the poignancy of these tragic circumstances, several searches by sea and by air have been made in an attempt to locate the wrecks of both ships lying on the sea bottom.  During March 2008, both the "Kormoran" and the "Sydney" were located by David Mearns aboard the search vessel SV "Geosounder".
                  The wreckages of the two ships lie about twelve miles part, 130 miles off the Western Australian coastline out from Shark Bay and Carnarvon, at a depth of 1½ miles.  The "Kormoran" broke apart, with two large pieces ¾ mile apart and a large oval shaped debris field in between.  The bow of the "Sydney" broke off though the main hull sits on the seabed upright.
                  Official enquiries into the fate of the "Sydney" and the "Kormoran" have brought to light many reports of radio messages from both ships on that tragic day in 1941.  More than a dozen radio messages have been reported, and some people claim to have heard voice messages, while others lay claim to having heard messages in Morse Code.  Some of these reports indicate that genuine radio transmissions were indeed heard, while the reports from others are considered to be spurious.
                  For example, a group of five people in the Esplanade Hotel in Geraldton Western Australia heard a strong transmission in voice mode on 24.5 m (12245 kHz) with reference to a coming Morse message.  This message was heard on a standard radio receiver and research would suggest that this signal was actually a break through transmission from nearby Geraldton Radio, VIN, with subsequent information about the HMAS "Sydney" from Sydney Radio VIS, not the ship "Sydney" itself. 
                  A similar report came from nearby Port Gregory where members of the Rob family heard a break through transmission.  Other voice reports came from Fremantle Radio, near Perth, also from Hobart in Tasmania, and from Singapore, and from continental Africa.
                  Reports of Morse Code reception from the "Sydney" came from several different locations, including three different locations in Western Australia; and also from Singapore and from the British navy radio station at Kilindini in Kenya, Africa.  The most notable of these Morse Code reports came from Hetty Collings, a 16 year old English girl, serving as a cypher clerk with the British navy in Singapore.  She claimed to have translated a cypher signal that was sent from the "Sydney" in Morse Code.  However, the contents of the message and the timings indicate that her report is incorrect.
                  A careful analysis of all of these already mentioned radio transmissions from the "Sydney" and the "Komoran" indicate that all of them seem to be inaccurate, due to timings and content. 
                  It has been suggested that the German supply ship, "Kulmerland", was in Morse Code contact with its compatriot "Kormoran" during the battle, though this is also totally unsubstantiated.
                  It should be noted that the "Sydney" carried five radio transmitters; four on the ship and one in the Walrus plane, and all of them for Morse Code only.  It is clearly demonstrated that there was no voice transmitter aboard the "Sydney".  The "Kormoran" carried two Morse Code transmitters and four receivers.
                  So what are considered to be the genuine transmissions associated with these two armed and aggressive vessels?  We take all of these proven transmissions in chronological order, all of them in the year 1941, and all times in local time:-
      1. November 11, Tuesday 1332:
                  * Last wireless transmission from "Sydney", just before leaving Fremantle on escort duty with                  the Australian transport ship SS "Zealandia"; "Sydney" maintained radio silence from this                    time onwards; no subsequent transmissions whatsoever.
      2. November 19, Wednesday 1703:
                  * "Kormoran" sent spurious message in Morse Code, QQQQ indicating suspected disguised                    raider, and gave its own false identity as the Dutch cargo vessel, "Straat Malakka"; 200                watt signal on 500 kHz.
      3. November 19, Wednesday 1705:
                  * Repeat of same message.  This message was heard by Perth Radio VIP Applecross, and also              by Geraldton Radio VIN, and also by the tug boat "Uco".  VIN reception very poor and                       without full detail.  VIN asked for further information from other ships also, but no further                    messages received.  Tug boat ST "Uco", Adelaide Steamship Co in Fremantle, also                 expressed similar poor and partial reception.  At the time it was more than 100 miles                 south west of the combat zone, en route from Darwin to Fremantle.
                  * Captain Theodor Detmers aboard "Kormoran" expresses surprise that "Sydney" does not talk                with "Komoran" by radio (in Morse Code).  He was not aware that the "Sydney" was                 under radio silence.
      4. November 19, Wednesday 1730:
                  * Barrage from "Sydney" hit "Kormoran" radio shack
      5. November 23, Sunday: 
                  * Navy headquarters orders "Sydney" to break radio silence and give battle details; all                   shortwave communication stations ordered to attempt contact with "Sydney".
      6. November 24, Monday:
                  * British tanker "Trocus" picks up some survivors, gives radio report regarding battle events.
                  From this time onwards, it was progressively known throughout Australia, and thus throughout the world, the tragic events of the fierce conflict between HSK "Kormoran" and HMAS "Sydney", a battle that was fought in radio silence on the high seas, and which both sides lost, and neither side won.
      * Program Announcement - 09:12
                  Allen Graham
      * Ancient DX Report 1906 - 09:58
                  During the year 1906, the ether was fairly buzzing with the Morse Code signals from wireless stations located on land all around the world, as well as on board ships in all seven of the world's great oceans.  In fact, the first edition of a wireless directory was published by the United States Navy on October 1 of 1906 under the title Wireless Telegraph Stations of the World, and this directory is considered to be the very first comprehensive listing of official stations ever published.
                  By taking a count from all available sources, it is estimated that there were more than 500 official wireless stations on land in more than 70 different countries, with well over 1,000 on board ships.  These listings are for official stations only, and there were an additional uncounted number of other stations on the air as well, including many amateur stations for which licensing was not required at that time.  Perhaps there was somewhere around 3,000 wireless stations on the air during this era.
                  During the year 1906, three notable inventions altered the flow of wireless/radio development:-
                              * General Dunwoodie of the American army invented the crystal detector, know known                            widely as the cat's whisker, which enabled tuned radio reception
                                * Lee de Forest patented a 3 element radio tube or valve, the audion as he called it, thus                         opening the way for a much wider usage of the vacuum tube in radio                                 development
                                * Archie Collins patented voice transmissions via an electric arc
                  An important wireless conference took place in Berlin during the year, beginning October 2, with 100 delegates from 23 countries participating.  At this convention, the usage of a new emergency code was adopted, SOS, replacing the previous CQD.  The name radio was also adopted, replacing the earlier term wireless. 
                  At this convention, a list of international callsign prefixes was drawn up, and letters of the alphabet were allocated to each country.  For example, wireless station callsigns beginning with the letter G indicated Great Britain, the letter J indicated Japan, the letters N & W indicated the United States.     
                  We should note also that the Telefunken company established a wireless station near Nauen, in a swampland area some 25 miles north west of Berlin, during this year. 
                  (This station at Nauen is still on the air today, with the programming of Adventist World Radio, including our DX program Wavescan which is heard from this station every Sunday at 1530 UTC on 11750 kHz at 250 kW.  In addition, our sister DX program in the Italian language is also heard from Nauen each Sunday at 1000 UTC on 9610 kHz at 100 kW.)
                  The most intense usage of wireless anywhere in the world during the year 1906 took place in the United States, where its is recorded that more than 100 stations were on the air, operated by the navy and the army, and also by several different commercial organizations. 
                  In order to establish a flow of communication after the devastating earthquake in San Francisco on April 18 and the massive fires that followed, the navy vessel USS "Chicago" handled an outward flow of messages in Morse Code from San Francisco to Yerba Buena Island thence to Mare Island and  onward to the nationwide system of landline connections.  The fires also destroyed the wireless station PH in the Palace Hotel and it was re-established at nearby Russian Hill. 
                  Marconi engineers warned that their Atlantic coast wireless station was endangered by cliff erosion; and the  transmission towers operated by Pacific Wireless on Mt Tamalpais near San Francisco were felled by a jealous competitor.
                  On January 1, the Canadian born Reginald Fessenden established wireless communication from his new station at Brant Rock, 2 kW on 100 kHz, with his equally new station at Micrahanish in Scotland; but, this Scottish station was destroyed in a storm in December.
                  On December 21, 1906, Reginald Fessenden presented a public demonstration of his wireless equipment with an experimental broadcast before an invited group of local dignitaries.  This event is definitely and clearly chronicled in the verified details of history.
                  In question though, are Fessenden's touted Christmas Eve & New Year's Eve broadcasts from this same station a few days later.  Much evidence has been piled up, both for and against, the accuracy of Fessenden's subsequent claims that he did indeed make these two intentional radio broadcasts, as historical firsts.
                  However, several maritime historians provide an item of information that does not seem to get quoted by researchers delving into the Fessenden controversy.  These maritime historians state that the wireless operator aboard the new American passenger liner "Kroonland" heard Fessenden's Christmas Eve broadcast while out in nearby Atlantic waters.  It is true, the "Kroonland" report could be revisionist history, but further research might also reveal the veracity of this claim.
                  A postcard dated June 14, 1906, shows the Lee De Forest wireless station at 42 Broadway in New York, and it contains the hand written message: "Aboard steamer on ocean we just received message about weather reports by wireless."  This card might almost qualify as an early QSL. 
                  On November 1, the Christchurch International Exhibition in New Zealand opened at Hagley Park, with 400 acres of international displays and exhibits from all around the world.  This Christchurch exhibition was visited by two million people, citizens and international visitors, before closure on April 15 of the following year 1907.  It should be remembered that the total population of New Zealand itself was only one million at the time.
                  Two Marconi representatives, Captain Walker and Engineer Dowsett, established two wireless stations, one at the Christchurch exhibition in Hagley Park and the other at a distance several miles away.  Newspapers in both Australia and New Zealand announced in advance that a wireless exhibit would be staged at the Christchurch International Exhibition.
                  Two early experimenters in Australia were Mr. C. P. Bartholomew and Mr. E. F. G. Jolley, both of whom constructed their own equipment.  Bartholomew lived in the Sydney suburb of Mossman; and Jolley set up two wireless stations in two houses one mile apart in the country town Marlborough, 100 miles north west of the state capital Melbourne. 
                  There was also an experimental set of wireless equipment on board a local steamer at sea between Mt Nelson and Tasman Island, off the coast of Tasmania.
                  The big wireless event in Australia during the year 1906 was the two way transmission of signals between Victoria and Tasmania, a distance of 150 miles across Bass Strait.  And that story is scheduled for presentation here in Wavescan a few weeks from now.
      * International DX News - 18:42
                  SWL Winterfest Philadelphia PA March 14 & 15, 2014
      * Philippine DX Report - 20:39
                  Henry Umadhay
      * Music of the World - 25:21
                  Malaysia: Orchestral & male vocal
      * Closing Announcement - 25:45
                  Thanks for listening to "Wavescan", international DX program from Adventist World Radio
                  Researched and written in Indianapolis
                  Next week:-
                              1. Tribute to Shortwave WYFR - 7: The Wartime Years & Beyond
                              2. WRMI Insert
                              3. European Perspective
                              4. Bangladesh DX Report
                  Two QSL cards available - AWR & WRMI
                  Wavescan address:-
                              Box 29235
                              Indiana 46229 USA
                  Wavescan @
                  Announcer: Michael Mendez
      * Music Outrun - 26:37
      * Program Ends - 28:55

      Thursday, January 09, 2014

      DX Quiz Results - 2013

       Indian Winners and Runners
      1.     Alagiriswamy, Coimbatore – WRTH 2014 sponsored by World Radio TV Handbook, UK.
      2.     Vijay Krishna Bhat.D, Puttur – COBY World Band analogue receiver by Radio Free Asia, USA.
      3.     Mitul Kansal, Haryana – Kchibo KK-C37 PLL Receiver by China Radio International, China.
      4.     Sabareeshwaran, Tirupur – WRTH 2013 Sponsored by Ohtake Toshi (JSWC), Japan.
      5.     Prithwiraj Purkayastha, Assam – WRTH archive CD ROM by ADDX, Germany.
      6.     Sakthivel.S, Thasappa Koundan Puthur, Erode - Kchibo PLL Receiver by China Radio International
      7.     Ganesan.M, Goa – Kchibo PLL Receiver by China Radio International, China.
      8.     Ashok Kumar, Haryana – WRTH collector’s edition by T.Elampooranan, Chennai.
      9.     Neelaveni Sivaraj.N, Idappadi, Selam – Let’s Learn Chinese through Tamil, (6 Books+ 1 DVD) China Radio International, China.
      10.   Shanmugam.N.T., Thasappa Koundan Puthur, Erode – Radio France International cap + DW Pendrive by RFI, DW, Germany.
      11.   Muralidhar.M, Bangalore – ADXL-DL T-shirt, RMRC Aktuel Magazine by ADXL, Germany.
      12.   Muhammad Shamim, Tiruvananthapuram – RMRC Collectors QSL calendar + DRM logo Pen by RMRC club, Germany, DRM Consortium, UK.
      13.   Vetrivel raj.S, Idappadi, Selam – DW Pen drive by DW radio, Germany.
      14.   Shanmugasundaram.S, Madurai – Passport to World Band Radio collector’s edition by Japan Premium, Japan.
      15.   Sivaraj.K.C, Idappadi, Selam – DW T-shirt + DW Pennant by DW radio, Germany.
      16.   Santhosh Raj.S, Idappadi, Selam – RFA Diary + Stick pad by RFA, USA, DW, Germany.
      17.   Sekar.P.S, Thalainayar, TN – DW big Note book + Long wire antenna by DW radio Germany, CRI, China.
      18.   Sudarshan.S, Thasappa Koundan Puthur, Erode – DW Note book by DW radio, Germany.
      19.   Vedamoorthi.S, Sivakasi – DW Cube game + DW Bag by DW radio, Germany.
      20.   Raju.K.M, Andarasan Patti, Dindigul – DW Rummy cards, Stick pad, RMRC Pen.
      21.   Bedant Das, Assam – DW Memory game + DW Pen by DW radio, Germany.
      22.   Mohanmed Ilyas, Hubli – DW Cube game + DW Bag by DW radio, Germany.
      23.   Kathiresan.P, Madurai – DW Cube game by DW radio, Germany.
      24.   Breshneve.K, Tirunelveli – DW Cube game by DW radio, Germany.
      25.   Boopathi.M.C, Erode – DW Note Book by DW radio, Germany.
      26.   Porunai Balu, Tirunelveli – RFA Diary + RMRC Pen + DW Pennant by RFA, RMRC and DW.
      27.   Subramanian.A.M, Neyveli – DW writing pads + DW Pen by DW radio, Germany.
      28.   Kumaran.V.S, Cuddalore – DW Diary + DW Pen by DW radio, Germany.

      International winners

      29.   Matthias Martin, Germany – British DX Club B13 Booklet by BDXC, UK + Art of Radio special card by Radio Heritage, New Zealand.
      30.   Kurt Enders, Germany – Domestic broadcasting Survey by DSWCI, Denmark + Art of Radio special card by Radio Heritage, New Zealand.
      31.   Patrick Robic, Austria – British DX Club Communication Magazine by BDXC, UK + Art of Radio special card by Radio Heritage, New Zealand.
      32.   Christian Ghibauda, France – EMWG Medium Wave Guide, Germany + Art of Radio special card by Radio Heritage, New Zealand.
      33.   Rudolf Sonntag, Germany EMWG Medium Wave Guide, Germany + DW Radio Pennant by DW Radio.
      34.   Stefan Druschke, Germany – Soft copy of One Year Dxers Guide by ADXC, India.
      35.    Andreas Muecklich, Germany – Soft copy of One Year Dxers Guide by ADXC, India.
      36.   Kalaus Kohler, Germany – Soft copy of One Year Dxers Guide by ADXC, India.
      37.   Werner Reimers, Germany – Soft copy of One Year Dxers Guide by ADXC, India.
      38.   Arnold Heiles, Luxembourg – ADXC Special QSL card.
      39.   Jose Roberto Da Silva Cunha, Brazil – ADXC Special QSL card**.

      *All the entries received the Gyanvani Pennant, AIR 75th anniversary pennant, Special QSL, Special First Day cover, Sticker, Calendar, Ardic DX Club sticker.
      ** Entry fee were not send.

      Once again, we acknowledge with appreciation the many entries in this year come from different parts of the world. Thank you for participating, and we trust that you enjoyed participating as much as we did in perusing all of the interesting entries. All entries will be acknowledged through the post, and all reception reports will be verified, though it will take time, to process them all.